Henry James Gutteridge

HENRY JAMES GUTTERIDGE

This post was written by Linda Trim

Born in Canada from an English father and Canadian mother, Henry, by a twist of fate, died in Yorkshire which was where his family originated.

Canadian Expeditionary Force Cap badge.JPGCanadian Expeditionary Force Cap Badge

Henry James Gutteridge was born on October 3rd 1896 in Deloraine, Manitoba, Canada, the first of ten children born to George Robert Gutteridge (1870-1954) and Deborah Lambert (1875-1957).

George Robert (George) was English, and like his father was a Confectioner. He was the fourth of seven children of William Lodge Gutteridge (1834-1912)  and his wife Mary Elizabeth Schofield (1838-1927). George was born in Holmfirth, Yorkshire, but by the time he was two years old, when the 1871 Census was taken, the family was living in Halifax, with his father working in his own Confectionery business, and ten years later, at the time of the 1881 Census, William had moved the family again, this time to Ormskirk, Lancashire, where he was a Baker and Confectioner.

The oldest son, Charles Ernest Broadhead Gutteridge (1865-1939) did not go into the family business, but was working as a Railway Engine Clerk and all his younger siblings were still being schooled at that time. It would have been likely that the children helped out in some fashion in the family business. Ernest, which seems to be what Charles preferred to be called, emigrated to Canada some time in the mid 1880s, and by the 1891 Census it states he was a Bookkeeper;  he changed jobs again as in 1901 on the Census he says he is in the Grocery business. He had married Clara Keller in 1890. It seems that he paved the way for George to join him in Deloraine, as George arrived in 1887 on the Parisian, which docked in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Henry  would then have had to travel cross country to Deloraine on the Canadian Pacific Railway, which was completed in 1885. It passed through Winnipeg and from there he would have taken whatever transportation was available for the final leg to Deloraine. In 1891 George was working as a Watchman, and in 1901 as a Grain Buyer, according to the Censuses.

During the late 19th century the Dominion Lands act was passed. This enabled a person (male or female) to pay a registration fee of $10 to be allocated a 160 acre plot to farm. After 3 years of farming and fulfilling  a requirement to build a dwelling on the land,  the 160 acres would belong to the claimant. It is probable that this is the reason the young men  went to Canada. Certainly, Deloraine was a long way from anywhere “civilized”. It is over 200 miles SW of Winnipeg, and less than 20 miles from the American border. The town did not incorporate as a village until 1904, and a town in 1907, so it is difficult to imagine any other reason to go there unless they were planning to farm. But it is clear that farming was not what they did after their arrival.

George married Deborah Lambert (1875-1957) on 26 November 1895, and  Henry James was born on 3 Oct 1896 in Deloraine. Henry was followed by  siblings Cecil, Bessie, Mildred, Wilfred Edward, Mabel, Howard, Laura,  Gordon and Muriel.  The two youngest children were born after he died. At the 1916 Census, Henry was farming for a living. He must have applied for a land grant as he says he is working for himself. There is a conflict in the documentation that exists. He is clearly noted as farming in the 1916 Census, but his Attestation papers show that he enlisted in the Canadian Over-Seas  Expeditionary Force on October 5th 1915. Perhaps he was at home at the time of the Census on leave waiting to be called upon to depart for England.

At his enlistment he was 19 years old, 5′ 6 1/2″ tall, with a 38″ chest when fully expanded. He had fair hair, blue eyes and a fair complexion and was a Wesleyan. He became  Private number 150430 in the 79th Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force.  He left Canada on the RMS Lapland on 24 April 1916, arriving in England on 5 May 1916; the Canadian troopships usually docked at Liverpool and the soldiers were based at Otterpool until they were sent into combat, so Henry would no doubt have been armed with his Granny and Uncle’s address in Hoylake & Meols and been able to visit them while awaiting orders to go to France.

On 6 June 1916 he left for France, arriving on 7 June where he was transferred to the 52nd Battalion.  By 11 September Henry was suffering from Myalgia (pain in the muscles, in his case in his back) but was able to rejoin his comrades by the 16th September. On 4 January 1917 he got a chest infection but he was back with his unit  on 31 January 1917.

The 52nd Canadian Expeditionary Force and the other three Canadian Battalions were massing with the British troops for the Battle of Arras, which commenced on April 9 in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France, with the first part planned being the battle of Vimy Ridge. 19 kilometres of tunnels were dug by the New Zealanders to allow troops to get to the front without being shelled by the Germans and to hide the fact of their movements, and Henry would have been marking time with his fellow soldiers waiting for the word to start the attack. On 5 April however, Henry was shot in the back, damaging a kidney. How and why he was shot in the back is a mystery. Perhaps he was scouting in no-mans land, and was hit by a sniper whilst retreating, or possibly it was a stray bullet from the Canadian side. This wound became septic and he was shipped off to the Huddersfield War Hospital in Yorkshire, where he died on May 13th.

DA 25 5 17 Gutteridge HJ.jpg

Deeside Advertiser 25 May 1917

His family had his body brought to Hoylake for burial, and he was interred at Holy Trinity,  Hoylake with full military honours. At the time of his death, his Uncle, Frederick Louis Gutteridge was a Confectioner in Hoylake, and his Grandmother, Mary Gutteridge lived at 10, Manor Road in Hoylake. It is not known what medals he earned.

IMG_4159.JPG

Henry’s grave at St. Hildeburgh’s, Hoylake, Wirral

 

Notes:
Birth: October 3rd 1896, Deloraine, Manitoba, Canada
Death: May 13th 1917, Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England
Address: Deloraine, Manitoba, Canada
Occupation: Farmer
Units: 79th and 52nd Battalions, Canadian Expeditionary Force
Number and Rank: 150430, Private
Medals: Not known
Commemorated: Holy Trinity, Hoylake; Grange Hill War Memorial; Canadian Virtual War Memorial
Sources: BR, CWGC, DA, FT, GH, H, SR, Wikipedia

 

 

 

Advertisements

Thomas McNaught

THOMAS MCNAUGHT  written by Linda Trim

Thomas was on the Hoylake & West Kirby Advertiser list of war dead in 1922 for the Hoylake & West Kirby area, but in fact never lived in North West Wirral.

Thomas McNaught pic.JPG

Thomas McNaught
Continue reading “Thomas McNaught”

Thomas Edwin West

THOMAS EDWIN WEST written by Linda Trim

West Kirby man who emigrated to Canada and enlisted in the Canadian Overseas Expeditionary Force in order to fight in the Great War.

Winnipeg Rifles Cap Badge.JPG

Winnipeg Rifles Cap Badge

Thomas was born on the 4th of December 1887 in Southport, Lancashire, where the family was living at that time. He was the second of three children of Thomas Walter West (1860-????) and Lucy Elizabeth West nee Stacey (1863-1949). His siblings were Lucie Muriel West, known as Muriel (1886- ????), and Gladys West (1895-1967).  Given that his father and grandfather both had Thomas as a first name, he was probably known as Edwin in the family and I will call him that to differentiate him from his father, Thomas Walter West.

Thomas Edwin West baptism.JPG

Thomas Edwin West’s Baptismal record from St. Paul, Southport, Lancashire Dec 27 1887.

Thomas Walter West was born in Silverstone, Northamptonshire, in 1860, son of Thomas Henry West (1812-1878) and Catherine Whitlock (1821-1901). Thomas Henry had 8 children and Thomas Walter was the 6th child. He probably had a comfortable upbringing as his father was a Timber Merchant who also farmed 156 acres. Silverstone is in close proximity to Whittlewood Forest where there was a brisk timber industry going in the 19th century. At some point Thomas Walter moved north to Lancashire and met and married Lucy Elizabeth Stacey (1863-1949) at St. Mary’s, Walton on the Hill on 3rd September 1885. They lived for a while in Southport, but then came back to Liverpool. In 1891, according to the census, they had two children, Muriel and Thomas Edwin, and Thomas Walter was a wine merchant, with the family living in Bootle, Liverpool. Gladys was born in the Spring of 1895 and by 1901 the family had migrated to Banks Road in West Kirby,  where many families were relocating for more pleasant surroundings but with an easy commute to Liverpool. Thomas Walter was still a wine merchant at that time. Edwin attended Calday Grange Grammar School.

Some time early in the twentieth century, something happened to Thomas Walter West that changed the family dynamic. It is not possible at this time to ascertain what happened; possibly the wine business failed, or there were some severe financial problems in the family, but in 1905, Edwin emigrated to Canada to become a farmer. At the 1906 census he states that he emigrated in 1905, and he was living in Virden, Brandon, Manitoba. During the late 19th century the Dominion Lands act was passed. This enabled a person (male or female) to pay a registration fee of $10 to be allocated a 160 acre plot to farm. After 3 years of farming and a requirement of building a dwelling on the land,  the 160 acres would belong to the claimant. It may well be that this was what Edwin did.  He was only 18 years old when he left England. In 1911 there is no sign of Thomas Walter on any censuses. Lucy Elizabeth describes herself as married and head of household on the 1911 census, and says that she is a professional musician. Lucy Elizabeth lived at 3, South Road in West Kirby with Muriel, who was a governess, and Gladys who was still at school, so they are obviously working to support themselves. By 1914 Lucy Elizabeth had moved to 25, Dunraven Road, West Kirby.

In 1915 there is a record of Edwin returning from England after a visit. By then he had been in Virden for 9 years. What prompted him to return after the start of war is unknown, but he did not try and enlist in the Canadian Expeditionary Force until after his return to Virden.

T E West 1915 passenger list.JPG

Passenger list for the Scandinavian, which was headed to St. Johns, Newfoundland, Canada

The Scandinavian arrived on March 29th 1915, Edwin returned home and waited until the 6th December 1916 to join the Canadian Overseas Expeditionary Forces in Winnipeg, Manitoba. He was 5’4″ tall, with a chest measurement of 33″ when fully expanded, and had dark brown hair, gray eyes and a medium complexion. His mother is shown as his next of kin. Edwin became Private 1084275 and on the 10th December 1916 he was attached to the 18th Canadian Reserve Battalion.

Poor Edwin contracted measles in February 1917 which  undoubtedly  would have been very unpleasant at his age. He was subsequently transferred to the 251st Battalion C.E.F and on the 23rd of April 1917 he made a will leaving his estate to his mother. He left Halifax, Nova Scotia, on the SS Matagama on the 4th October 1917 bound for Liverpool, arriving on the 17th October and  where on the 28th of the month he was transferred to the 8th Reserve Battalion. By the time of his transfer he was on St. Martin’s Plain, in Kent, which was a training camp, with many soldiers, including Edwin,  living in tents at nearby Dibgate Plain.

At the end of 1917, and also in 1918, Edwin sought medical treatment for dyspnoea (difficulty in breathing). Despite having X-rays and examinations by various doctors there was no good diagnosis to be had, but one doctor speculated that he might have TB.

Edwin went to France to fight with the C.E.F, as part of the 8th Reserve Battalion who were also known as the 90th Winnipeg Rifles, and fought at the battle of Cambrai in northern France, which took place from 27 September to 11 October  1918, and which was part of a series of connected battles at the start of the Hundred Days Campaign. Sadly, he was listed as Missing in Action on the 29th September 1918 and confirmed dead the following day. He is remembered on the Vimy Memorial in Vimy, France. This memorial was created to remember over 11,000 Canadian soldiers who died in the Great War and whose remains were never found. Over 91 hectares of land was given by the French to Canada, free, to be Canadian land in perpetuity, and construction of the massive work was started in 1925. On July 26 1936 King Edward VIII unveiled the monument.

T E West Vimy Mem.JPG

Vimy Memorial, Vimy, France

Neither of Edwin’s sisters ever married. In 1960 Muriel returned to England on the Carnarvon Castle which arrived 20 May 1960,  from Durban, South Africa. She was going to West Kirby to visit Gladys. Could this possibly have been where their father went after his “disappearance”? Lucy Elizabeth died in 1949 in Birkenhead, and Gladys lived on the Wirral until her death in 1967. Presumable Muriel died in South Africa where she lived.

 

TE West DA 1918.jpg

Deeside Advertiser 11-10-1918

Notes;

Birth: 4 Dec 1887 Southport, Lancashire, England
Death:  29 September 1918, Cambrai, France
Addresses: 1891 20 Ellerslie Road, West Derby, Lancashire; 1901 Banks Road ,West Kirby; 1906 Virden, Brandon, Manitoba, Canada; 1916 Stratton, Rainy river, Ontario, Canada.
Occupation: Farmer
Unit: 18th, 251st  and 8th Battalions Canadian Expeditionary Force
Number and Rank: Private 1084275
Medals:
Commemorated: St. Bridget’s, St Andrew’s, Grange Hill, Calday Grange Grammar School – all at West Kirby, Vimy Memorial, Canadian WW1 Memorial Book page 520
Sources: BR, CG, CWGC, DA, GH, PR, SR, WK, Census 1891, 1901, 1906, 1911

Thomas Philp and Edwin George Massey

THOMAS PHILP AND EDWIN GEORGE MASSEY written by Linda Trim. 

Brothers who were also good friends were killed in action on the same day in 1918.

IMG_9429.JPG

3rd City Pals, 19th Battalion Kings Liverpool Regiment 

Continue reading “Thomas Philp and Edwin George Massey”